I. What is the Capital of Sri Lanka?
Sri Lanka, officially known as the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country located in the Indian Ocean. The country is known for its diverse culture, beautiful landscapes, and rich history. The Capital of Sri Lanka is Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, which is located in the Western Province, in the suburbs of the commercial capital of Colombo. This city plays a vital role in the country’s political, economic and cultural life, and has a rich history of its own. In this article, we will delve deeper into the history, geography, demographics, economic and cultural significance of Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte.
II. History of Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
The city of Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte has a rich history dating back to the 14th century. It was founded by King Parakramabahu VI of the Kingdom of Kotte, who made it his capital city in the 15th century. During this time, the city saw significant development and growth, becoming an important political and administrative center. The Kingdom of Kotte was one of the most powerful and prosperous kingdoms in the region, and the city served as its center of power. The kings of Kotte were known for their patronage of the arts and culture, which led to the development of a rich tradition of music, dance, and literature.
The city’s importance as a political and administrative center continued during the colonial era, when it was ruled by the Portuguese, Dutch and British. During this time, the city underwent significant changes, with the construction of new buildings and infrastructure. After Sri Lanka gained independence in 1948, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte was officially declared the capital city.
III. Geography and Demographics
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is located on a small piece of land, surrounded by water. The city is situated on the banks of the Diyawanna Oya, a tributary of the Kelani River. This location provides the city with a natural barrier, making it an ideal location for a capital city. The city has a tropical climate, with temperatures ranging from around 27 to 33 degrees Celsius. The city receives a good amount of rainfall throughout the year, which helps to keep the temperature mild.
The population of the city is diverse, with a mix of different ethnic and religious groups. The majority of the population is Sinhalese, but there are also significant populations of Tamils, Muslims, and Burghers. The city is also home to a large number of government officials, diplomats, and expatriates, adding to its cultural diversity.
IV. Economic and Cultural Significance
Capital of Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is an important economic center. The city is home to several industries such as agriculture, manufacturing, and services. The main agricultural products grown in the area are paddy, coconut, and vegetables. The city also has a large number of factories and small-scale industries, which provide employment opportunities for the local population. The service sector is also an important part of the city’s economy, with a large number of financial institutions, retail outlets, and other businesses.
The capital of sri lanka also has several cultural and historical landmarks and attractions, including the Parliament of Sri Lanka, the Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Raja Maha Viharaya, and the National Museum. The Parliament of Sri Lanka is an important symbol of the country’s democracy and serves as the seat of the country’s legislative branch. The Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Raja Maha Viharaya is a Buddhist temple that is believed to have been built during the reign of King Parakram.